The year 2015 started off on a good note for the LED industry in India. In a call to increase the use of LED bulbs to conserve energy, India’s Prime Minister Sri. Narendra Modi initiated the launch of a National Program for LED-based Home & Street Lighting as well as a scheme for LED distribution under the Domestic Efficient Lighting Program in January.
As a symbolic gesture on the occasion, the PM replaced one bulb in South Block with an LED bulb. Replacement of all bulbs in South Block with LED bulbs will enable savings of 7000 units of energy each month. Since then all the government departments in India have been asked to use LED lights. The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) has suggested that all government departments and their subordinate offices would procure only LED lights for usage in the departments, replacing the traditional bulbs like CFLs and tube lights. The PMO communique stated studies that showed LEDs were 25% more efficient than CFL, 23% more efficient than tube lights and 80% more efficient than incandescent lamps. Under the DELP Program, consumers in Delhi can procure LED bulbs at a discounted rate of Rs. 130.
The Prime Minister’s launch of both these programs has accelerated the adoption of LEDs in several sectors across the country through the creation of several new policies and financial subsidies undertaken by the Ministry of Power, BEE and various state municipalities.
On the onset of his new appointment at the beginning of this year, Mr. Divakar Garg, Director General, Central Public Works Department announced that energy efficiency measures were put into place wherein all new works would have LED lights and existing unserviceable CFL and incandescent lights would be replaced with LED lights.
Taking a cue from the PM’s pitch for energy-efficient LED bulbs for homes and street lighting in 100 cities, Home Minister Rajnath Singh recently announced plans to replace the entire floodlights on the India-Pakistan international border with LEDs. The pilot project will entail replacing ordinary bulbs with LED lighting on a 14-kilometre stretch of the international border in Punjab and bids have already been invited. Almost 2,000 km of international border in J&K, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat is floodlit. The cost of replacing the entire floodlights with LED bulbs would hence be compensated through energy and longevity savings.
LED STREET LIGHTING PROJECTS
After the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) released a survey on the haphazard installation of streetlights in India, the Union Power Ministry, too, issued a direction in favor of LEDs. In September 2014, the Union Ministry of Urban Development ordered all State governments to switch to LED lights.
One of the roles of EESL includes facilitating the implementation of energy efficiency projects throughout the whole country. EELS will become the main driver of the PM’s new schemes, assuming full responsibility of implementing them. Currently there are 3.5 crores streetlights in the country out of which more than 99% are conventional lights. According to Saurabh Kumar, Managing Director, EESL, “We have the responsibility to take up Rs.10 bulb program in 100 cities and the street light program under 100 local bodies. We Expect to procure at least 10 crore bulbs in the next financial year. We have roped in about 80 municipal bodies and we expect about 30 lakh LED street lights.”
EESL has already completed projects in Puducherry and Andhra Pradesh and is next looking at Mumbai, Rajasthan, UP and Madhya Pradesh. Here’s a look at some of them:
Delhi: At the beginning of this year, EESL signed an MOU with South Delhi Municipal Cooperation for replacing 0.2 million customary street lights in the SDMC area with energy efficient and smart LED lights within one year, saving over Rs 10 billion over a seven year period.
Mumbai: In a pilot project, LED lights were installed along Marine Drive. As per the BMC’s plan, around 1.32 lakh streetlights in Mumbai will soon be replaced with LED lights. A pilot project is also being planned for Colaba, Bandra and Mulund.
Noida: In an attempt to save maintenance costs and halve the city’s energy consumption, the Noida Authority has invited request for proposal (RFP) to upgrade 2,500 streetlights out of the total 10,000 with LED bulbs in the city. The road between the Noida entry gate and Noida-Greater Noida expressway might be the first to undergo replacements
Rajasthan: The state government in Rajasthan is planning to replace 16.5 lakh traditional streetlights with LEDs in 44 municipalities over the next two years. Out of the total lights, 1.5 lakh LED lights will be installed on Jaipur streets. EESL will invest Rs 10,000 million in the project that will help the state save about 266 million units of energy per year. Rajasthan will annually save Rs.2180 million.
Bhubaneshwar: The Bhubaneshwar Municipal Corporation has plans to install 20,000 LED street lights and a GSM-based control room is being set up to monitor their performance. Earnings from the savings will be shared between the corporation and the Nasik-based company installing the lights.
Varanasi: An LED-based mass lighting program has been launched in Varanasi under the DELP. The Central and Uttar Pradesh governments in association with the state-run Energy Efficiency Services Ltd. will distribute about 1.3 million LED bulbs to more than 200,000 domestic consumers.
Goa: On a mission to reduce the power department’s spending on maintenance and manpower, the power department of Goa in compliance with the Demand Side Management (DSM) is ready to replace existing streetlights with LED lights across Goa before the year end. Presently, Goa has around 1.70 lakh streetlights – sodium, CFL and tubes. Once the switch to LEDs is made, the State will save at least 15 megawatts, or 60 per cent of the electricity consumed by the existing setup. The electricity department will save at least 75 per cent of the total electricity consumed. The LEDs will be monitored and controlled through a specially designed central monitoring point and operations of these LEDs can then be controlled through SMS, which is unique feature of this project.
Opportunities for LED Manufacturers
Manufactures of LED lights in India have been presented with tremendous opportunities with the government’s initiative on LED lights. According to the Electric Lamp and Component Manufacturers Association (ELCOMA), the government’s initiative could help propel the industry to grow five-folds in five years from its current size of Rs. 4,000 crores. So, far several companies have benefitted from the tenders floated by EESL for various lighting projects across the country.
In March this year, Crompton Greaves won three orders from EESL and will supply close to 4 million LED lamps to EESL for its projects, the first of which was launched in Andhra Pradesh followed by Delhi. In April, MIC Electronics won the tender for commissioning LED street lights in five districts of Andhra Pradesh. The tender was floated by Energy Efficiency Services for design, manufacture, supply, testing, installation (retrofit), commissioning of LED street lights along with centralized control and monitoring system (CCMS) in the districts of Guntur, Krishna, East Godavari, West Godavari (1.81 lakh LED street lights) and Prakasam (31,221 LED street lights).
Fiem Industries Limited is participating in a tender floated by EESL for design, manufacture, supply, testing, installation, commissioning etc. of LED street lights in four zones of Delhi The latest update is that the Company have received a Letter of Intent from EESL for design, manufacture, supply, testing, installation, commissioning CCMS and 7 year warranty of LED street lights and other related works under South Delhi Municipal Corporation in Delhi at following prices: I. Package 1 Central Zone at total price of Rs. 48,32,02,380/- II. Package 4 West Zone at total price of Rs. 51, 47,10,836/.
→ EESL has invited bid for design, manufacture, supply and 3 years warranty of 3.27 crores self ballasted 9W LED bulbs and other related works.
→ The North Eastern Railway has taken out a tender for the replacement of 40W light type F. L. Fittings by LED type Fittings at level crossings over Lucknow street division. The announcement was made on 2nd June 2015.
GOVT. POLICIES & STANDARDS FOR LED PRODUCTS
According to Shyam Sujan, General Secretary, ELCOMA, the Indian government has taken out a compulsory registration order under which companies have to get their LED products registered through BIS approved test laboratories. Once the submitted samples are approved by the test labs, Dept. of Electronics will issue a certificate which will allow the products to be manufactured in India. This scheme is valid till mid August after which it will become mandatory for everybody wanting to sell their products in India.
The Govt. of India set up Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), a statutory body under Ministry of Power, on 1st March 2002, under the provisions of the Energy Conservation Act 2001. One of the regulatory functions of BEE, under this Act, is to develop minimum energy performance standards & labeling, for equipment / appliances and buildings.
Ministry of Power through BEE has initiated a number of energy efficiency initiatives including a labeling program for LED lamps.
Standards & Labeling (S&L) Program (for lamps)
The Government of India’s Standards and Labeling (S&L) program is based upon the Energy Conservation Act (ECA) 2001. The Act is legislated for a wide range of energy efficiency initiatives including the improvement in energy efficiency of equipment and appliances through the development of S&L programs. BEE has the mandate to implement the S&L program in India. The test method standard for LEDs: IS 16105: 2012, Method of Measurement of Lumen Maintenance of Solid -State Light (LED) Sources Reference Test Standard: IES-LM-80-08 was published in 2012. According to Mr. Sujan, the (S&L) Program will become effective by August and will remain voluntary for one year after which it will be made mandatory.